The solution

It is in every hunter’s best interest to switch to non-toxic ammunition"

European Hunting Experts


The use of lead ammunition means hunting cannot be considered sustainable. The move away from lead is not anti-hunting, it is advocated by health professionals and food retailers and importantly those wanting to sustain hunting – not stop it.

Non-toxic ammunition – shot and bullets – work

Field trials and experience have shown no difference in the efficacy of non-toxic shot. It is efficient, equivalently priced and widely available because the ammunition manufacturers have responded to hunters’ needs.

Lead shot use is totally banned for hunting in Netherlands, Denmark and Flanders – their hunting remains healthy.

Non-toxic bullets are efficient and already used extensively where there are concerns about lead entering the human food chain.

Guaranteed markets for manufacturers created by regulation of lead ammunition will drive innovation further.

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The benefits of non-toxic ammunition

Prevents over a 1,000,000 water bird deaths per year in Europe 

Protects raptors and scavengers

Supports cleaner soils and plants

Stops the toxic legacy

Protects human health

Safeguards game meat markets

Promotes sustainable hunting

Protects the image of hunting in a modern society

Supports the European Green Deal

Guidance from the hunters themselves

FACE has produced good guidance on use of non-toxic ammunition.
Find it here.

The European Hunting Experts explain why change is now entirely possible.
See their factsheet here.

“We know and appreciate that lead is ballistically attractive, that hunters are familiar with it and that the gun and ammunition industry have built up to use and supply it. However, the wide availability of effective, safe and affordable alternatives means that it can no longer be acceptable from the perspective of ecological and human health and ultimately our collective vision for sustainability”.

European Hunting Experts

Sports shooting

Currently sports shooters use lead ammunition because the rules dictate its use. Changing the rules of the ISSF and FITASC would protect athletes, wider society and the environment from being exposed to the toxic effects of lead. The International Olympic Committee, with an obligation for sustainability, also needs to demand this change.

To allow a derogation for sports shooting in the EU merely forces shooting ranges into expensive mitigation measures and leaves residual risks to the environment and shooters alike.


Using the available non-toxic fishing weights protects waterbirds and reduces risks to fishers and their families where melting of lead for ‘home casting’ of weights takes place.

Transition to non-toxic ammunition and fishing weights require policy